The 7 Parts of a Lab Report

If you are undertaking science classes or a full-fledged lab course, expect to write lab reports frequently. A laboratory report provides a comprehensive overview of an experiment, the results, and conclusions. It follows a structured, straightforward procedure requiring a technical and formal writing style. Your instructor’s guidelines mainly define your lab report’s structure. If no guidelines have been provided, divide your report into sections explaining the experiment. Here are the 7 parts of a lab report: 
  1. Title page
  2. Abstract
  3. Introduction
  4. Materials and methods
  5. Results
  6. Discussion and conclusion
  7. Reference

1. Title Page

This section includes the report’s title, date, author’s name, and institution where the experiment was carried out. Your title should clearly explain the experiment being conducted. Any reader should predict what to expect in the lab report by reading your title.

2. Abstract

The abstract provides a summary of the report and its results. It includes the purpose, methods, discussion, and conclusion of your study. When writing your abstract, make it as simple and clear as possible. Go straight to the point in explaining the key details without deviating.

3. Introduction

This provides a background to the experiment by highlighting the purpose of your study. Your introduction should provide a straightforward research question that demonstrates the objective of your study. Next, explain in detail the theoretical background of your research and illustrate the equations and laws you’ll use in the study. Include a hypothesis to show what you expect from your hypothesis. Do not copy your lab manual or other guidelines when writing your introduction. Craft everything from scratch to demonstrate authenticity. Your introduction should be brief; organize it into one or two paragraphs depending on the length of your report.

4. Materials and Methods

The material and methods segment explains the equipment and materials utilized in the research. It also describes the procedures followed in carrying out the study. Provide as much detail as possible to allow other researchers to replicate your experiment. Here are some of the elements that you must include in this section:

Experimental Design

Briefly note if your experiment was between or within the subjects’ design. According to, Between-subjects is where you tested all the conditions by yourself while the within-subjects design is where you used different people to test every condition. Also, explain the sample size and conditions used to test your hypothesis.


Describe your human subjects using demographic factors and the plant and animal subjects using their genetic background. Note down the total subjects used in every group and how you recruited them in the study. Suppose you used equipment and other materials in the study, include their number and how you used them in the study. Also, highlight the model’s name if working with specialized equipment. Procedure Your study procedure illustrates the steps you undertook to obtain data for your research. Provide simple and direct steps to make it as straightforward as possible.
7 parts of a lab report
The 7 parts of a Lab Report

5. Results

This section highlights the findings of the research concisely and transparently. You should report the results of any statistical test you conducted in the study. The preliminary results to include in this section are:
  • Statistical test results
  • Descriptive statistics
  • Significance of the test results
  • Estimate of confidence intervals or standard error
Use text to highlight the key results in an organized and logical manner. Make sure readers can understand your results. Also include graphs, tables, and other visual aids to represent your data. Visual figures help to show relationships between variables. If dealing with a complex experiment, incorporate sample calculations. Remember to provide a brief description of what every sample calculation represents.

6. Discussion and Conclusion

The discussion and conclusion segment explains the findings and the significance of the study. It is divided into two sub-sections, as explained below:


The discussion section analyzes your study’s results and their implication in your discipline. This part addresses the hypothesis or research question posed in the introduction. When writing your discussion, aim to answer whether your results support the hypothesis you provided in the introduction. Compare your findings with other studies with similar research questions. If there are differences, note what could have caused the results. Also, highlight the limitations and strengths of your research. The strengths could be attributed to various factors, including a large sample size, high internal validity, and reliability. When describing the study’s limitations, use particular examples. For instance, if the random error resulted in inaccurate results during the study, be specific about the source of the error. You could claim that special apparatus caused the error and illustrate ways to improve that.


The conclusion provides a summary of your research’s main findings and illustrates the significance of the study. Restate your research question or hypothesis and confirm whether or not the study confirmed it. Feel free to explain if there were any gaps in your research. Highlight any areas with inadequate or missing data to develop a specific conclusion. Suppose your study raised more questions on your research areas, include the questions and the need for future research.

7. Reference

The reference segment lists all the sources used to support a claim in the report. When writing the references, follow a particular format such as MLA, APA, or Harvard. Please include all the details of the article, journal, or book to ensure readers can easily find it for further research. You could leave out the reference section if you did not use any outside sources.

Get a Quality Lab Report

A lab report consists of critical sections that provide an overview of the experiment, including the title, methods, introduction, results, discussion, conclusion, and references. Every segment is crucial in providing a comprehensive report on the study and its findings. Following these guidelines ensures your report is compelling, well-organized, and informative. You should consult a professional if you still struggle to write your lab report. We are the best lab report writing services offering quality lab reports. Our team of professional writers has experience handling any lab report. We write your report from scratch, ensuring it is 100% authentic. The experts use different software to confirm the report has no plagiarism or grammatical errors. Do not struggle writing your lab report; we are here if you need homework writing help. We guarantee a timely and quality report without breaking the bank. Contact us for lab report writing services today.
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